“Just as the software and hardware of the internet has been militarized by the imperatives of a mostly secret ‘cyberwar,’ so too are online social spaces being weaponized in new and mostly hidden ways.”

D&S researcher Tim Hwang assesses the future of quantitative public relations and manipulation techniques, arguing that these data-intensive, targeted, and subtle modes of influence have been made possible by online advertising.

How will the public be able to protect itself?

(CC BY 2.0-licensed image by U.S. Army Europe Images.)